In computer networking, an Ethernet frame is a data link layer protocol data unit and uses the underlying Ethernet physical layer transport mechanisms. In other words, a data unit on an Ethernet link transports an Ethernet frame as its payload.
The maximum segment size (MSS) is a parameter of the Options field of the TCP header that specifies the largest amount of data, specified in bytes, that a computer or communications device can receive in a single TCP segment. It does not count the TCP header or the IP header.
The WebSocket API is an advanced technology that makes it possible to open a two-way interactive communication session between the user's browser and a server. With this API, you can send messages to a server and receive event-driven responses without having to poll the server for a reply.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a standard protocol that allows a server to dynamically distribute IP addressing and configuration information to clients. In the Classless Inter Domain Routing (CIDR) environment of IPv4 the following parameters should be defined on every IPv4 host:: 1. ip addres, 2. subnet mask, 3. default gateway
DHCP relay agent is a small program that relays DHCP/BOOTP messages between clients and servers on different subnets. DHCP/BOOTP relay agents are part of the DHCP and BOOTP standards and function according to the Request for Comments (RFCs), standard documents that describe protocol design and related behavior.