How Install Redis server on Debian linux distro

Redis is an open-source, in-memory, data-structure store with optional disk writes for persistence, which can be used as key-value database, cache and message broker. Redis features built-in transactions, replication, and support for a variety of data structures such as strings, hashes, lists, sets and others. Redis can be made highly available with Redis Sentinel and supports automatic partitioning with Redis Cluster. This document provides both instructions for depl oying the Redis server and an overview of best practices for maintaining Redis instances.

Install Redis on Debian Stretch


The Redis package in the Debian repositories is outdated and lacks several security patches; consequently, we’ll use a debian stretch BACKPORTS repository for installation.

ADD backports repository to end of your /etc/apt/sources.list file

# stretch-backports, previously on backports.debian.org
deb http://ftp.cz.debian.org/debian/ stretch-backports main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.cz.debian.org/debian/ stretch-backports main contrib non-free

Run in shell this commands to update your repository and upgrade your system:

~]$ apt-get update
~]$ apt-get upgrade

Install redis-server package from backports repository:

~]$ apt-get -t stretch-backports install redis-server redis-tools

First steps in your redis server


Verify, that you can connect to your redis server:


~]$ redis-cli
127.0.0.1:6379> ping
PONG

Changing Runtime Configuration


The command CONFIG GET * gives you a list of all active configuration variables you can change. The output might look like this:

127.0.0.1:6379> CONFIG GET *
  1) "dbfilename"
  2) "dump.rdb"
  3) "requirepass"
  4) ""
  5) "masterauth"
  6) ""
  7) "cluster-announce-ip"
  8) ""
  9) "unixsocket"
 10) ""
 11) "logfile"
 12) "/var/log/redis/redis-server.log"
 13) "pidfile"
 14) "/var/run/redis/redis-server.pid"
 15) "slave-announce-ip"
 16) ""
 17) "maxmemory"
 18) "0"
 19) "proto-max-bulk-len"
 20) "536870912"
 21) "client-query-buffer-limit"
 22) "1073741824"
 23) "maxmemory-samples"
 24) "5"
 25) "lfu-log-factor"
 26) "10"
 27) "lfu-decay-time"
 28) "1"
 29) "timeout"
 30) "0"
 31) "active-defrag-threshold-lower"
 32) "10"
 33) "active-defrag-threshold-upper"
 34) "100"
 35) "active-defrag-ignore-bytes"
 36) "104857600"
 37) "active-defrag-cycle-min"
 38) "25"
 39) "active-defrag-cycle-max"
 40) "75"
 41) "auto-aof-rewrite-percentage"
 42) "100"
 43) "auto-aof-rewrite-min-size"
 44) "67108864"
 45) "hash-max-ziplist-entries"
 46) "512"
 47) "hash-max-ziplist-value"
 48) "64"
 49) "list-max-ziplist-size"
 50) "-2"
 51) "list-compress-depth"
 52) "0"
 53) "set-max-intset-entries"
 54) "512"
 55) "zset-max-ziplist-entries"
 56) "128"
 57) "zset-max-ziplist-value"
 58) "64"
 59) "hll-sparse-max-bytes"
 60) "3000"
 61) "lua-time-limit"
 62) "5000"
 63) "slowlog-log-slower-than"
 64) "10000"
 65) "latency-monitor-threshold"
 66) "0"
 67) "slowlog-max-len"
 68) "128"
 69) "port"
 70) "6379"
 71) "cluster-announce-port"
 72) "0"
 73) "cluster-announce-bus-port"
 74) "0"
 75) "tcp-backlog"
 76) "511"
 77) "databases"
 78) "16"
 79) "repl-ping-slave-period"
 80) "10"
 81) "repl-timeout"
 82) "60"
 83) "repl-backlog-size"
 84) "1048576"
 85) "repl-backlog-ttl"
 86) "3600"
 87) "maxclients"
 88) "10000"
 89) "watchdog-period"
 90) "0"
 91) "slave-priority"
 92) "100"
 93) "slave-announce-port"
 94) "0"
 95) "min-slaves-to-write"
 96) "0"
 97) "min-slaves-max-lag"
 98) "10"
 99) "hz"
100) "10"
101) "cluster-node-timeout"
102) "15000"
103) "cluster-migration-barrier"
104) "1"
105) "cluster-slave-validity-factor"
106) "10"
107) "repl-diskless-sync-delay"
108) "5"
109) "tcp-keepalive"
110) "300"
111) "cluster-require-full-coverage"
112) "yes"
113) "cluster-slave-no-failover"
114) "no"
115) "no-appendfsync-on-rewrite"
116) "no"
117) "slave-serve-stale-data"
118) "yes"
119) "slave-read-only"
120) "yes"
121) "stop-writes-on-bgsave-error"
122) "yes"
123) "daemonize"
124) "yes"
125) "rdbcompression"
126) "yes"
127) "rdbchecksum"
128) "yes"
129) "activerehashing"
130) "yes"
131) "activedefrag"
132) "no"
133) "protected-mode"
134) "yes"
135) "repl-disable-tcp-nodelay"
136) "no"
137) "repl-diskless-sync"
138) "no"
139) "aof-rewrite-incremental-fsync"
140) "yes"
141) "aof-load-truncated"
142) "yes"
143) "aof-use-rdb-preamble"
144) "no"
145) "lazyfree-lazy-eviction"
146) "no"
147) "lazyfree-lazy-expire"
148) "no"
149) "lazyfree-lazy-server-del"
150) "no"
151) "slave-lazy-flush"
152) "no"
153) "maxmemory-policy"
154) "noeviction"
155) "loglevel"
156) "notice"
157) "supervised"
158) "no"
159) "appendfsync"
160) "everysec"
161) "syslog-facility"
162) "local0"
163) "appendonly"
164) "no"
165) "dir"
166) "/var/lib/redis"
167) "save"
168) "900 1 300 10 60 10000"
169) "client-output-buffer-limit"
170) "normal 0 0 0 slave 268435456 67108864 60 pubsub 33554432 8388608 60"
171) "unixsocketperm"
172) "0"
173) "slaveof"
174) ""
175) "notify-keyspace-events"
176) ""
177) "bind"
178) "127.0.0.1 ::1"

Server Statistics


The statistics command is INFO and will give you an output as following. You can see on line 3, that you have a latest stable version of redis server: 4.0.10

127.0.0.1:6379> INFO
# Server
redis_version:4.0.10
redis_git_sha1:00000000
redis_git_dirty:0
redis_build_id:3f5835c86b3727fb
redis_mode:standalone
os:Linux 4.9.0-3-amd64 x86_64
arch_bits:64
multiplexing_api:epoll
atomicvar_api:atomic-builtin
gcc_version:6.3.0
process_id:8513
run_id:6e16461625c85d6211a1e0623f72a454be281490
tcp_port:6379
uptime_in_seconds:82156
uptime_in_days:0
hz:10
lru_clock:6392963
executable:/usr/bin/redis-server
config_file:/etc/redis/redis.conf

# Clients
connected_clients:2
client_longest_output_list:0
client_biggest_input_buf:0
blocked_clients:0

# Memory
used_memory:861536
used_memory_human:841.34K
used_memory_rss:3858432
used_memory_rss_human:3.68M
used_memory_peak:861536
used_memory_peak_human:841.34K
used_memory_peak_perc:100.00%
used_memory_overhead:849064
used_memory_startup:782504
used_memory_dataset:12472
used_memory_dataset_perc:15.78%
total_system_memory:2101796864
total_system_memory_human:1.96G
used_memory_lua:37888
used_memory_lua_human:37.00K
maxmemory:0
maxmemory_human:0B
maxmemory_policy:noeviction
mem_fragmentation_ratio:4.48
mem_allocator:jemalloc-3.6.0
active_defrag_running:0
lazyfree_pending_objects:0

# Persistence
loading:0
rdb_changes_since_last_save:0
rdb_bgsave_in_progress:0
rdb_last_save_time:1533054473
rdb_last_bgsave_status:ok
rdb_last_bgsave_time_sec:0
rdb_current_bgsave_time_sec:-1
rdb_last_cow_size:131072
aof_enabled:0
aof_rewrite_in_progress:0
aof_rewrite_scheduled:0
aof_last_rewrite_time_sec:-1
aof_current_rewrite_time_sec:-1
aof_last_bgrewrite_status:ok
aof_last_write_status:ok
aof_last_cow_size:0

# Stats
total_connections_received:2
total_commands_processed:47
instantaneous_ops_per_sec:0
total_net_input_bytes:1585
total_net_output_bytes:35992
instantaneous_input_kbps:0.00
instantaneous_output_kbps:0.00
rejected_connections:0
sync_full:0
sync_partial_ok:0
sync_partial_err:0
expired_keys:0
expired_stale_perc:0.00
expired_time_cap_reached_count:0
evicted_keys:0
keyspace_hits:13
keyspace_misses:2
pubsub_channels:0
pubsub_patterns:0
latest_fork_usec:290
migrate_cached_sockets:0
slave_expires_tracked_keys:0
active_defrag_hits:0
active_defrag_misses:0
active_defrag_key_hits:0
active_defrag_key_misses:0

# Replication
role:master
connected_slaves:0
master_replid:95f05769fdeddf64fcaec9556d10be7c16d7ae07
master_replid2:0000000000000000000000000000000000000000
master_repl_offset:0
second_repl_offset:-1
repl_backlog_active:0
repl_backlog_size:1048576
repl_backlog_first_byte_offset:0
repl_backlog_histlen:0

# CPU
used_cpu_sys:41.83
used_cpu_user:18.42
used_cpu_sys_children:0.00
used_cpu_user_children:0.00

# Cluster
cluster_enabled:0

# Keyspace
db0:keys=1,expires=0,avg_ttl=0
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